The first plant that Noah planted after the flood was the grapes. So says the biblical legend. Another legend tells that the mother of the grapes was the Earth, and the father – the Sun. In ancient times, the bunches of grapes ripened much faster than now – for a light day. The earliest of them, which had time to ripen by the dawn, became pink in color, admiring the gentle blush of the dawn. The grapes, ripe by noon and having absorbed the golden rays of the bright sun, became yellow. The berries, late in the evening, took blue and violet shades from the velvety southern night. So there were multi-colored varieties of grapes.
If you visit one of the green towns of Uzbekistan in summer, walk through its streets and look into the mahalla (quarter of private houses), then practically every house and courtyard you will find green walls and whole tents of grapes dotted with bunches of selected sunny berries. Luxurious thick foliage of the vine protects from the hot rays of the sun, and in this blessed shadow there is a trestle with colorful kurpachi and dastarkhan. This feature of the Uzbek way of life gives a sense of peace, kindness and tranquility, a harmonious fusion with nature, when sitting in a grape tent you understand how it turns out that it is a little necessary for simple human happiness.
Useful properties of grapes are almost impossible to overestimate, as it is a storehouse of vitamins. Grapes, especially red grapes, contain vitamins that are directly related to the blood system and hematopoiesis. It also prevents the formation of cancer cells, improves immunity, purifies blood – and this is only a small part of his merit. Grapes are very useful in diseases of the liver and gallbladder, with heart diseases and metabolic disorders, with depression and insomnia and many other ailments. Grape juice, which in composition resembles breast milk (!), Almost instantly absorbed by the body. It is the purest natural glucose in the most useful and easily assimilated form. Grape wine reduces the level of cholesterol in the blood, in moderate doses normalizes blood pressure. Kishmish, especially ground with walnuts, improves hemoglobin excellently. In medicine there is even a whole direction – ampelotherapy (vinogradolechenie), which was actively practiced by the doctors of the Ancient East, Rome and Greece.
Ancient wine growers noticed that dried grapes have slightly different properties than freshly harvested ones. Avicenna also said: “The grapes left lying for two or three days after harvesting are better than just collected. And torn and left to hang, until the skin turns yellow, – it nourishes and strengthens the body well. ”
Kishmish and raisins (dried grapes) can be black and yellowish in color. The difference between the concepts of “raisin” and “kishmish” is that the sultana is made from the endless varieties of grapes, and the raisins are made with several bones. If you want to buy raisins or kishmish, look, that it was not over-dried and was moderately mild. Before consumption (baking, porridge) it can be soaked in warm water, then it will swell a little and become soft, in fact, you can do this with other eastern dried fruits.
Grapes of any taste, color and size can be bought at numerous bazaars of autumn Uzbekistan. Here, the eyes scatter from the abundance of beautiful and juicy grapes: muscat with piquant tart taste, tender-sweet “Typhy” and fragrant “Isabella”, very small and very large, pitted and pitted, pink and light yellow-green, Dew from the vineyard. It is impossible to say which grade is better, since they all deserve high praise! The price of grapes depends on the variety and season. Kishmish and other dried fruits are sold all year round.
Viticulture and winemaking in the territory of modern Uzbekistan is developed from ancient times. About sweet grapes and medicinal properties of wine, skilled craftsmen of winemaking are mentioned in “Avesta”, in travel notes of many travelers and conquerors. Archaeological and paleontological studies prove these written data by material finds (clay vessels for wine, petrified imprints of fragments of the vineyard).
For centuries, viticulture in Uzbekistan has flourished, glorified and encouraged among the people, it was ruined in the process of barbaric captures, or was prohibited by law. But the Uzbek grapes were able to withstand all these obstacles and preserve the fullness of the taste and aroma of grapes, the secrets of growing and winemaking, which were developed by distant ancestors. The long warm period of the year allows from the first months of spring and until late autumn to grow over 37 varieties of grapes in Uzbekistan. Thanks to this, the Republic actively exports excellent wines, fresh and dried grapes (kishmish, raisins), sweet juices. By the way, the Uzbek grapes received the Golden Cup of the international exhibition Golden Bunch of Grapes – 2013 (Golden Bunch of Grapes – 2013).
“Soyaki”, “Baktiori”, “Husayne” – these are ancient varieties of Uzbek grapes that were grown here with nezap