Throughout the history of its existence, people have been able to assign symbolic meaning to various manifestations of nature. Whether weather phenomena or animals and plants, they invariably become symbols of something inherent in human nature.
This did not escape the grenades, the origin of which is attributed to the second millennium BC. Eaten by primitive people, it eventually became more than a food product for many peoples. Thanks to the bizarre structure of the fruit, where the blood-red grains are close to each other and clad in a strong peel, the pomegranate personified a strong union or indissoluble marriage. A large number of grains, in some varieties, their number can be estimated at two thousand, made the garnet also a symbol of fertility. Confirmation of this can be found both in written sources of ancient Greece, and in the folklore of other peoples. In the Christian culture, along with the lily and the bee, it is a symbol of the Virgin Mary. Did not pass around the glory of grenades in the East. Fruit pandular garnet, so similar to the crown, made it a symbol of monarchy power, as a result of which their incarnation in the tree was often crowned by the scepter of rulers.
In addition to heraldry, the “granular apple” managed to leave traces and in medicine – the useful properties of pomegranate were seen in ancient times. The mature garnet contains vitamins (A, B, C, E), antioxidants, fructose and glucose, tannins and organic acids, as well as calcium, potassium, iodine, silicon and iron. Decoctions of both the pomegranate seeds and its peels possess choleretic properties, they help with various kinds of gastrointestinal diseases and heart diseases. Used in its raw form, pomegranate juice helps increase hemoglobin, the body’s resistance to infectious diseases, improves appetite and raises the mood.
The garnet taste, whose taste and pronounced toning effect made it the basis for a large number of drinks, could not go unnoticed, and sweet and sour tones were successfully used as additives to different dishes, both meat and vegetarian. From a pomegranate make wines and marmalades, ice cream and sauces, in its juice even marinate meat for shish kebab, which makes the latter acquire amazing softness and aroma.
Cultivation of pomegranate has become widespread in countries with a hot climate, to which Uzbekistan also fully belongs – there is a huge number of pomegranate gardens. Unlike apricots or persimmons, pomegranate can rarely be found along the streets of large cities. This is due to the fact that the pomegranate trees do not differ significantly in height, and the trunks sometimes have quite a lot of curvatures that make them more like bushes. But local residents grenades willingly planted in patios and gardens.
In the evening, the pomegranate trees, which have a large number of small leaves, are sprayed with water so that even the lightest gust of wind turns them into natural air-conditioners, pleasing the residents with a pleasant coolness. Of course, living in the northern latitudes is difficult to assess the benefits of such actions, because in the evening and so it becomes cooler. But after spending all day on the withering sun, the earth and buildings are so hot that they will give heat throughout the night. In summer, many locals practice sleeping outdoors, so if you do not resort to such tricks to lower the temperature of the air, being outdoors even at night will be hot. Of course, other trees can be used for these purposes, but the density of the pomegranate leaves and their low growth are best suited. And from the decorative shrubs they are favorably distinguished by the opportunity to feast on autumn and winter delicious fruits, which, after collection, are stored in boxes with calcined sand that does not allow garnets to dry out.